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What are the causes of joint pain?

Painful joints can make it hard to complete your daily tasks. The causes of joint pains are many, and treatments differ depending on the cause. For many people, it is caused by joint inflammation (arthritis). Joint pain can be mild or severe sharp or burning sensation in one or various joints. In some cases, joint pains can be linked with other symptoms, such as joint stiffness, swelling, or warm and red skin. Elite Physical Medicine, a Mason joint pain treatment center, diagnoses and treats joint pain caused by arthritis and other conditions.

Arthritis-related Causes

Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis (OA) is the main form of arthritis. OA occurs as a result of a breakdown of cartilage, often due to aging. This form of arthritis tends to affect the hips, lower back, neck, fingers, and knees. Osteoarthritis pain may progress from a sharp pain that worsens with movement and reduces with rest. A restricted range of motion and joint stiffness are characteristics of osteoarthritis joint pain.

Classic OA is non-inflammatory arthritis, but OA’s subtype, known as erosive osteoarthritis, is inflammatory.

Gout

Gout is inflammatory arthritis that occurs in some patients with concentrated levels of uric acid in the blood. When the uric acid adds up, it can form crystals in joint spaces like the ankle, big toe, or knee. Classic gout refers to an instant episode of severe, burning joint pain, which occurs in one joint.

Joint pain of a gout attack is extreme and is linked with swelling, redness, and joint warmth. Without proper treatment, an acute flare might take three days to 14 weeks to resolve on its own.

Septic arthritis

Having septic arthritis, a joint gets infected, mainly with bacteria and less with fungus or mycobacteria. Septic arthritis affects a single joint, mostly the ankle, wrist, knee, or hip. The affected area is warm, swollen, stiff, and fever is present. In many cases, septic arthritis is due to bacterial infection in the blood, which travels to the joint space.

Pseudogout

Pseudogout, also called calcium pyrophosphate deposition disease, is inflammatory arthritis, which happens because of the buildup of calcium crystals in some joints, primarily the wrists, ankles, knees, elbows, and shoulders.

Similar to gout, the pain of pseudogout joint attack is severe and has other symptoms like joint warmth. Unlike gout, a pseudogout attack might last longer before remitting.

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA)

It is a chronic autoimmune disease that develops gradually over months. While it predominantly affects the joints, early symptoms do not involve them and include fatigue, weight loss, low-grade fever, and muscle pain. When the joints are affected, small joints on one side of the body, such as toes and fingers, tend to be affected first. The joints also begin to become stiff, red, swollen, and warm.

Joint pain occurs as a result of damage, which occurs by normal wear and tear. It can be a sign of infection or potentially debilitating rheumatoid arthritis. You need to see your doctor if you have strange and unexplainable joint pain, mainly if it doesn’t disappear on its own after a fewdays. Early diagnosis and detection might allow for effective treatment of the existing cause of the discomfort.