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What are the Causes of infertility?

Are you experiencing infertility issues? Are you or your partner struggling to have a baby? If yes, you might be searching for the best treatment. Here Dr Mohit Saraogi will highlight some of the most common causes of infertility both in men and women. Dr Mohit Saraogi is the Chief IVF specialist doctor in Saraogi Hospital. Saraogi Hospital is one of the best IVF center in Mumbai, India.  So, stay attached to us and continue reading this guide until the end.

What is Infertility?

Infertility is a condition that occurs when the couple is unable to conceive after having regular unprotected sex. Infertility can be diagnosed when the mother hasn’t been able to get pregnant even after having unprotected sexual intercourse for one year; when a woman gets older than 35, the duration of trying to conceive drops to six months for an infertility diagnosis.

Types of Infertility

A woman who has never been pregnant is diagnosed with primary infertility while having at least one pregnancy in the past will be diagnosed with secondary infertility.

When to Consult a Doctor

The most apparent infertility symptom for women is not getting pregnant even after having unprotected sex for 12 months. If you are experiencing issues and are failing to get pregnant, you must consult the best infertility specialist. He will diagnose your case, find out the possible causes of infertility, and advise meaningful solutions.

Causes of Infertility

For a woman to get pregnant, the fundamental steps during ovulation and fertilization must happen correctly. Some of the known causes of infertility in couples might be present at birth, while others develop later.

Infertility isn’t related to women only. Men can face this issue as well. Instead, men and women are equally likely to experience fertility problems. Let’s discuss the causes of infertility in men and women.

Causes of Infertility in Men

Following are some of the known causes of infertility in men.

·         Abnormal Sperm Production

One of the common causes of infertility in men is abnormal sperm production or functioning in men. This may happen due to undescended testicles, health conditions such as diabetes, or infections such as chlamydia, mumps, HIV, or genetic problems. Varicocele (enlarged veins in the testes) can also affect sperm quality.

·         Problems with the Delivery of Sperm

The problem in the delivery of the sperm occurs due to sexual problems such as premature ejaculation, genetic diseases, structural issues, or damage or injury to the reproductive organs.

·         Intense Exposure to Certain Environmental Factors

Overexposure to harsh environmental factors such as pesticides or other chemicals and radiation may also lead to infertility. Smoking, alcohol, marijuana, and taking medications to treat bacterial infections, depression, and high blood pressure can also affect fertility.

Furthermore, frequent exposure to heat such as saunas or hot tubs raises body temperature, affecting sperm production.

·         Cancer and Its Treatment

Damage caused by cancer and its treatment, including radiation and chemotherapy, impairs sperm production and may lead to men’s infertility.

Causes of Infertility in Women

Following are some of the known causes of infertility in women.

·         Ovulation Disorders

Ovulation Disorders affect the release of eggs from the ovaries. Hyperprolactinemia is a condition in which you have too much prolactin, a hormone that stimulates breast milk production. It may interfere with ovulation. Too much thyroid hormone (hyperthyroidism) or very little (hypothyroidism) may affect the menstrual cycle and lead to infertility.

·         Cervical Abnormalities

Abnormalities associated with the cervix, polyps in the uterus, or the uterus’s shape may also cause infertility. Furthermore, tumors in the uterine wall can cause infertility by blocking the fallopian tubes or affecting the fertilized egg from implanting in the uterus.

·         Endometriosis

This condition occurs when endometrial tissue grows outside the uterus and affects the ovaries, uterus, and fallopian tubes’ functioning.

·         Primary Ovarian Insufficiency

This condition occurs when the ovaries stop working and the menstruation ends before the age of 40. However, the causes are often unknown; certain factors are linked to early menopause, including immune system diseases, genetic conditions, and radiation or chemotherapy treatment.

·         Pelvic Adhesions

The scar tissue bands bind the organs that may form after pelvic infection, appendicitis, endometriosis, or pelvic surgery.

·         Cancer Treatment

Certain types of cancers, particularly reproductive cancers, impair female infertility. Radiation and chemotherapy both affect fertility.