Pakar Kista

Stages and processes for rehabilitation of drug abusers

Drug abuse and illegal drugs show an increasing trend in the world. Drug rehabilitation is an effort to save users from the shackles of drugs.

Drug abuse mostly starts with trial and error in a social environment. The longer the usage, the higher the risk of addiction. If it continues, then the dosage of drugs used will also increase, to the point of not being able to miss a day without drugs without feeling the withdrawal symptoms (drug abuse).

Symptoms of Drug Addiction

Some symptoms that indicate someone is already in the stage of addiction include the desire to take drugs every day or several times a day, the dose needed is getting bigger and bigger, the desire to use drugs cannot be detained. Users also make sure the supply of drugs continues to be available and are willing to spend money just to buy drugs, even willing to take criminal actions to get it.

Some of the symptoms that can arise due to ongoing drug use are disturbance of mindset, reduced memory, and feeling a strong desire that is difficult to stem from using drugs.

From the social side, drug addicts seem to withdraw from their families and the wider and negligent environment in fulfilling obligations and activities, such as work or school, also often do things that risk endangering themselves and others, such as driving a motor vehicle while they are under the influence of drugs.

For teenage users, there seems to be a decrease in achievement or become often absent from school and not interested in other activities at school. Looks lost in energy and motivation, and is dressed inappropriately. Teenage users also appear to be increasingly confined and there are drastic changes in socializing with friends and family.

Handling Early Drug Addiction

The key to drug rehabilitation is to do it as soon as possible. That requires a psychiatrist or addiction expert who can deal with drug addiction problems.

The Living House is the oldest rehabilitation place in Cape Town with more than 11 experiences helping drug addicts who are difficult to rehabilitate.

Like other addicts, drug addicts often deny their conditions and are difficult to ask for rehabilitation. Usually intervention from family or friends is needed to motivate and encourage drug users to want to undergo rehabilitation, Rehab Cape Town is the best place to help addicts to be able to restart their healthy lifestyle.

  • Counseling

Counseling is an important part of treating drug abuse. Counseling conducted by counselors on drug users in rehabilitation will help the user recognize the problem or behavior that triggers this dependence. Counseling is usually done individually. However, it is possible to do group counseling.

Counseling aims to help recovery programs, such as restarting healthy living behaviors or strategies to deal with situations at risk of repeated drug use.

Medical Rehabilitation Stages

Drug rehabilitation consists of three stages. Namely the medical rehabilitation stage (detoxification), the stage of social or non-medical rehabilitation, and the advanced development stage.

The stage of medical rehabilitation is carried out under the supervision of a doctor. Users will be examined physically and mentally, including examination of sexually transmitted infections, and decide whether certain drugs are needed to reduce withdrawal symptoms (drug abuse).

Some detoxification techniques include a cold turkey method in which patients are confined to the drug abuse phase, substitution therapy or replacement where the needs of opioid addicts or heroin are replaced with other types of drugs, or symptomatic therapy where the drug is adjusted to the user’s complaints.

At the social or non-medical stage, users will undergo several programs. This may be the most important part.

All of these stages are ideally carried out under the supervision of the counselor. The place of rehabilitation must have a permit from the Ministry of Health or the Ministry of Social Affairs.

But it needs to be understood, there is no one standard method or type of treatment that is more effective than another. Because the character of the addict is different. Some are easy down, even stubborn. Moreover, the process of breaking away from drugs for its users is not easy.

For the entire rehabilitation process to succeed, family and environmental support is needed. Thus they will be compelled to erode the desire to return to using drugs.