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Sperm Test and Sperm Analysis

Semen analysis is tested where a tester can tell someone’s sperm count. An important thing to know is that the average number is between 40 and 300 million per milliliter. It also depends on where you are doing the testing so make sure that the clinic is trusted. There can be many reasons to undergo a test but it’s most likely to check if someone’s possible infertility.

Sperm analysis is the same thing where they check overall health. It doesn’t only include counting the number per 1 milliliter, it also includes examining the ability of the sperm to move correctly and the shape and size. Even if you have some problems, there are methods to improve your health. Through regular diet and exercise, it is possible to improve your count drastically. Learn more here about it.

How is the Test Done?

You will always have to provide a sample while at the institution that does the testing. The sample is made in a private room in a sterile cup. In some cases, the doctor will let make a sample at home but that isn’t recommended because it should be in the laboratory as soon as possible. A sample would have to be usable so the doctor may have some rules for you.

The rules may include abstains from masturbation or sex for a few days. Things like marijuana, caffeine and alcohol may also interfere with testing. When collecting the sample you shouldn’t use lubricants. And most important, inform your doctor if you are using some kind of herbal remedies or medications. Stress is also one of the things that can affect the outcome. The results may vary by the day so it is necessary to take a few tests during 2 weeks period.

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What the Results Say?

It takes only a few days to get the results back. The first factor that is analyzed is the sperm count. Depending on the clinic, the numbers can differ. They will inform you if your sperm count is below, above or average. An interesting thing to know is that almost 90{14b1031694aec2b3166be54b9be3e3e63eee46ecc3b98eea28f6d2b91027c075} of male infertility is because of abnormal sperm count. You could buy your own test which only checks the sperm count. If something is wrong with the results, you can then visit a doctor to check if everything is okay.

The second factor that matters is the efficiency of sperm to move or sperm motility. Only about 50{14b1031694aec2b3166be54b9be3e3e63eee46ecc3b98eea28f6d2b91027c075} will show normal motility on the test so don’t panic if that number is less than 90{14b1031694aec2b3166be54b9be3e3e63eee46ecc3b98eea28f6d2b91027c075}. The shape and size are called sperm morphology. They should have an oval-shaped head and a long tail. If the shape is abnormal in size, it may be difficult to fertilize the egg. Only 4{14b1031694aec2b3166be54b9be3e3e63eee46ecc3b98eea28f6d2b91027c075} usually have what is considered as a normal form.

Other Factors

Morphology, motility and sperm count may be the most important factors but they are not only ones that a professional will check to determine someone’s fertility. When you are providing a sample, it needs to have a certain volume. An average amount is at least half a teaspoon. If someone provides a lower dose, it can mean that there is a blockage in the vessels.

Liquefaction time estimates how much time is needed for the semen to convert to liquid form. If it is too slow, it means that there is a problem. Another factor is the PH level which can be too low or acidic and too high or alkaline that can affect the overall health. It would be best to check yourself once in a few years to be sure everything is okay with your health.

What if You Have Abnormal Results?

A good thing for many men is that a slightly increased number doesn’t mean that you will be permanently infertile. The number they get can be used to determine how to help you out. If your results aren’t so great, you will probably undergo further testing. There are multiple ways of treating this problem and a lot of them are successful. Depending on the problem, you can fix it in a month with the right treatment. Everything starts with how you approach it because in most cases you will need to change your diet and other habits.