Men with a BMI over 35 or more, and women with a BMI of 40 or more, were substantially more likely than patients with a ‘normal’ BMI of 18.5-24.9 to die in a hospital from pandemic. Vaccination access, remote work, telemedicine, and other measures should be emphasized in order to safeguard the community patients with chronic obesity from SARS-CoV-2. Patients with significant obesity who have been diagnosed with pandemic should be treated with extra caution due to the significant likelihood of negative outcomes.
Obesity Is Linked to Poor Pandemic Outcomes
- Other research has linked patients who are male, older, and have a variety of underlying illnesses, including obesity, to poorer overall outcomes with treatment. In pandemic patients, obesity has been found to be an independent risk factor for hospitalisation, severe disease, and mortality.
- However, it is unclear if all types of obesity are associated with poor pandemic outcomes or whether this is limited to severe obesity. The researchers wanted to know which types of obesity are linked to increased death rates, and if this is related to the gender of the patients.
- The study comprised 3,530 patients with pandemic who were admitted to hospitals between March and May 2020 (some in intensive care) and were all over the age of 18. 1,579 of the patients were women, and all were over the age of 18. The researchers looked into the relationship between these groups and death rates, the requirement for assisted breathing, and the development of severe pneumonia.
Men were the ones who started the link between in-hospital deaths.
- Even after accounting for other characteristics such as age, high blood pressure, diabetes, heart disease, and chronic renal disease, males with a particular BMI had a greater risk of in-hospital death than women with the same BMI.
- Obesity in men and extreme obesity in women has been linked to a greater risk of death in pandemic patients. Patients who were underweight, with a BMI of less than 18.5 pounds, were also shown to have a higher risk of death. One can take the aid of an online BMI calculator for men to determine their health status.
Is it due to the fact that women and men have different body shapes?
According to the investigators, men and women have different fat tissue distributions, which could explain why severe obesity has a disproportionate impact on males compared to women. They also point out that the study design precludes inferences regarding cause and effect, and that the results may have been influenced by the quickly changing management of pandemic patients during the first wave of the pandemic.
To corroborate the findings, more research is needed, as well as pilot clinical trials to see if medications can enhance results.
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