Blood circulation is essential in our bodies. When the heart beats, it pumps blood through arteries to tissues and back to the heart through the veins. Some vessels carry fluids throughout the body and back to the veins. When the arteries, veins, and vessels are affected, blood and fluid are not circulated as required in the body, and these problems are referred to as vascular diseases. If you experience these problems, look further as Dr.Tanquilut, a Tinley Park, IL general surgeon at vascular specialist, has solutions for vascular diseases.
What are vascular diseases?
The body network of blood vessels is called the vascular system. The system comprises arteries, veins, and capillaries. Conditions that affect the vascular system are known as vascular diseases.
Which are the various vascular diseases?
It occurs when a weakened artery forms a bulge at the weak point. Due to the weakening of the artery wall, it may burst when subjected to pressure, leading to internal bleeding.
· Peripheral artery disease
Also referred to as atherosclerosis is caused by the building up of cholesterol and other substances inside the vessels’ walls called plaque. The building up of plaque over time leads to the narrowing of the vessels blocking blood from flowing. This narrowing of the vessels leads to various symptoms depending on where it happens, such as:
· The coronary artery blockage causing chest pains or even a heart attack
· High blood pressure or heart failure due to blockage in the kidney
· Stroke if the blockage occurs on the carotid vein which supplies blood to the brain
· Deep vein Thrombosis
It normally occurs when blood clots in a vein inside a muscle, mostly on the lower leg, thigh, or pelvis. This occurs due to injured veins, damaged valves in a vein, lack of exercise, or genetic disorders.
· Varicose Veins
This disorder develops when the veins’ valves are unable to close, causing blood to flow in all directions when muscles relax. The result is bulged veins under the skin. Clots may form in the veins since the blood is moving slowly in the veins.
The lymphatic system doesn’t have a pump like the heart and relies on muscle contractions to keep the lymph moving. If the vessels are not working right, fluid may build up in one place, causing swelling. This is referred to as lymphedema. It is normally caused by serious injuries, infections, or even surgery.
· Raynaud’s disease
It occurs when one feels stressed or feels cold, which causes the blood vessel to narrow, temporarily shutting down the blood supply to the areas affected, such as the toes or fingers.
Risks associated with vascular diseases
These risks vary depending on the specific disease. Some of the factors include:
· Age- The risk of developing some diseases increase as one grows older
· Standing or sitting for long hours
· Smoking habits
· Injuries or infections to the veins
· Lack of exercise
· Diabetes can affect the heart
Is vascular disease treatable?
A lifestyle change can act as a form of treatment for vascular diseases. Some of the things that entail lifestyle changes include:
· Regular exercise
· Eating healthy to reduce blood sugar and cholesterol
· Avoiding tobacco
· Managing stress
· Surgery for a serious case to widen or clear a vessel
We all need to have a fully functional blood circulation system. Suppose you feel that you need an expert to check on you, worry no more as you are covered. Vascular Specialists are readily available through online booking. Reach out to them and witness their best services.