Hemorrhoids are swellings that occur around the veins in the anal area. This swelling can appear in the rectum, which is the groove that connects the large intestine and the anus (around the anus). Usually, this disease is caused by straining too often and for a long time when defecating.
How to deal with hemorrhoids?
Some of these hemorrhoidal conditions can heal on their own. However, sometimes the symptoms are more severe and require treatment from a doctor. Here are various treatment options for Bleeding Hemorrhoids.
Take fiber supplements
Fiber boosters such as psyllium (Metamucil) or methylcellulose (Citrucel) can help clear your stool and treat constipation.
Over-the-counter medications in the form of creams and suppositories can help relieve symptoms such as pain and itching caused by hemorrhoids.
Hemorrhoid removal surgery
The surgical removal of hemorrhoids is also known as hemorrhoidectomy. Hemorrhoidectomy is the most effective way of treating severe and recurrent ambient. Hemorrhoidectomy will remove excess tissue that causes bleeding. Hemorrhoid surgery can be performed under local anesthesia in combination with sedation, spinal anesthesia, or general anesthesia.
Most people will experience pain after hemorrhoid surgery. You can take painkillers to treat it. Recovery time is usually around 2 weeks, but it may take 3 – 6 weeks before you can return to your normal activities.
Coagulation with infrared, laser, or bipolar
This coagulation technique uses laser or infrared light to burn the hemorrhoid tissue. This procedure has the function of cutting off blood flow. However, this procedure can also cause hemorrhoids to reappear (recur), as compared to a rubber band ligation procedure. In addition, this procedure may cause some discomfort.
Advice From Italy About Foods That Shouldn’t Be Consumed
Hemorrhoid healing is not enough just to rely on drugs. You should also make changes to unhealthy habits. Therefore, see Foods to avoid with hemorrhoids.
It has often been proven that the food and drinks consumed daily can affect your health. What is consumed will determine the shape and nature of the stool that is excreted from the body.
If the stool feels hard and difficult to pass, of course, you will be encouraged to push harder and longer. As a result, blood flow will also be disrupted, so that it eventually accumulates in the blood vessels near the anus and causes swelling there. This swelling is what makes you feel pain or itching when sitting and having a bowel movement.
For this reason, you should avoid foods that can make it difficult for you to have a bowel movement. Here are the types of foods that are taboo during hemorrhoids.
1. Low-fiber foods
Some foods, such as potatoes, white bread, and meat (especially those that go through a long process, such as sausage and ham) are low in fiber. These foods can make stools harder and harder to pass, eventually, you will feel pain during bowel movements.
When hemorrhoids and constipation, pressure on the blood vessels around the anus was enlarged. The size of the stool becomes larger, the texture also becomes harder. When you try to pass it, the stool may rub against the swollen blood vessels. In addition to causing pain, hemorrhoid lumps can also burst.
2. Foods high in salt
In addition to avoiding low-fiber foods, you should also avoid foods that are high in salt or sodium content. Because salt is water binding, it will cause more pressure on blood vessels, including veins. As a result, your hemorrhoid condition even worsens.
3. Fatty foods
Fatty foods are also taboo when you get hemorrhoids. Fat takes longer to be digested by the body than other nutrients. Therefore, fatty foods will make digestion work harder and can increase the risk of stomach pain and make hemorrhoids worse. The most common fatty foods to avoid are meat, chicken, fish, eggs, or various foods fried in oil or butter.
Taking iron supplements can also cause constipation. If constipation is still felt when you experience hemorrhoid symptoms, then the discomfort felt will last longer.
5. Spicy food
At first glance, spicy food is considered to be able to function as a laxative and make bowel movements smoother. However, spicy food can still irritate the stomach and worsen the digestive system. Spicy foods will also add to the pain and burning sensation when you have a bowel movement when you have hemorrhoids. To avoid things that are not desirable, you should not eat spicy foods, such as foods that are mixed with a lot of chili or pepper.
Advice from Italy about food for hemorrhoid sufferers
As already explained, one of the main keys to relieving hemorrhoid sufferers that you experience is of course eating fiber foods. You’ll find 2 kinds of fiber, namely soluble fiber, and insoluble fiber.
1. Soluble fiber
This fiber is sticky and soft, like a gel so it can absorb water. This makes the stool softer, well-formed, and easy to pass through the anus when expelled. You who consume a lot of this type of fiber will avoid constipation.
You who have hemorrhoids must be very difficult when defecating (constipation). Therefore, foods that contain lots of fiber like this can reduce constipation you feel and reduce the irritation that occurs when you urinate.
2. Insoluble fiber
This type of fiber has properties that are not soluble in water so it is not broken down directly in the intestines and directly absorbs into the bloodstream that flows into the digestive system. It helps maintain the digestive system as it balances the chemicals in the intestines.
Most high-fiber foods have both types of fiber together. Eating too many high-fiber foods too quickly is also not good for health. This allows the stomach to feel full and easy to pass gas. Therefore, you are also advised to consume plenty of fluids to balance the fiber.
Based on the Nutrient Adequacy Rate, under normal conditions, the body needs about 37-38 grams of fiber per day for those aged 18-50 years. If you have hemorrhoids, consult your doctor to get the amount of fiber you need per day according to your condition. You can get fiber intake from eating foods such as nuts, seeds, green vegetables such as spinach and kale, and fruits such as berries or other fruits that contain lots of water such as watermelon.