Uncontrolled diabetes mellitus can damage several parts of the body, including nerves and blood vessels in the legs. Because of this condition, many diabetic patients have problems with foot health. Therefore, using shoes, or socks can not be careless. To help maintain the health of the feet of people with diabetes, you should choose socks and shoes specifically for diabetes according to your needs.
Do you need diabetes special shoes?
Actually, if diabetes is controlled and has no problems with your feet, you can simply choose shoes that are worn and comfortable on your feet. However, if you have foot problems due to diabetes complications, you should choose socks and diabetes-specific shoes.
There are several diabetes specific shoe criteria that should be chosen, including:
- Deep shoes
Diabetes special shoes should have more space in them. Choose shoes with 0.6-1.2 cm deeper than usual shoes. This additional space is given to adjust the changes in the shape of the foot so it does not feel too tight.
- Shoes for recovery
These special shoes are usually used when you are recovering from a wound or after surgery. These shoes are open at the tip of the finger and some are closed. Generally, shoes with open ends are not recommended for diabetics unless they are recommended by a doctor.
- Shoes that adjust the shape of the foot
In addition there are also shoes that are made specifically to follow the mold of your feet. This shoe is right for people with diabetes who have foot deformities.
These specially made shoes are specially designed as therapeutic or orthopedic shoes. Therapeutic effect is given for those who have neuropathy, nerve damage, or leg injury.
Orthopedic shoes are designed to provide comfort to diabetics who experience bunion (deformed big toe), corn or eyelets. Not everyone who wears orthopedic shoes is diabetic.
Tips for choosing diabetes specific shoes
If there really isn’t any special shoes that you can find, you can choose shoes with criteria:
- Look for shoes that are lightweight with flexible material, such as leather or canvas
- Choose shoes whose straps you can loosen or tighten, so they can be adjusted to the condition of the foot
- Shoes must have a strong back but soft soles and absorb sweat.
- You should buy shoes at night because the size of the foot is relatively wide as the day goes by.
- Do not choose shoes that are narrow, give a distance of about half a centimeter from the tip of the finger to the tip of the shoe.
Tips for choosing diabetes socks
In addition to choosing the right shoes, diabetics should also choose good socks so as not to add new injuries or problems in the foot.
If you don’t experience any nerve problems or foot problems, just use the most comfortable socks. However, if you have a problem in the foot you should immediately see a doctor and consult before using socks or shoes.
Well, socks that are most suitable for people with diabetes with foot problems are those who have soft, not easily damp, and warm material. This is needed so that you are more comfortable and good air circulation and blood circulation in the leg area.
Also choose socks that have smooth material with no trimming or lumps in the seam. Because these parts can rub the skin easily and create new wounds.
The first treatment of diabetes mellitus wound
When you find out that there is a wound on your foot or in any area of the body, you should consult your nearest doctor. Do not delay, or no later than the inspection is done the next day.
Health workers in general know how the process of cleaning and treating wounds in diabetics.
You will also get education about how to treat wounds while at home. Usually, the doctor will give advice to regain control within a certain period of time.
You can do these things as initial treatment at home:
- Clean the wound area with clean running water.
- Give a little antibiotic ointment, if any.
- Cover the wound with sterile gauze or tape for a while until you see a doctor.
Focus on preventing diabetes from occurring
The main focus on diabetes is not to treat diabetes sores but to prevent the occurrence of diabetes sores. Here are tips on how to prevent diabetes sores
- Check your feet every day
Make sure the condition of your feet every day, especially if you have experienced numbness in your feet. You can use a mirror to see the soles of your feet or ask for help from the people closest to you.
- Take good care of your feet
When bathing, clean your feet with warm water and soap. Then, dry it until it is completely dry, especially between the fingers.
You can use a moisturizing cream or lotion to prevent skin that is too dry.
- Prioritizing foot comfort
Use socks made from soft and comfortable footwear. Avoid using high heels and shoes with pointed tips that have the risk of hurting your feet.
Also make sure there are no foreign objects such as small stones or animals on your shoes when you want to wear them.
- Cut nails regularly
Long, dirty nails will increase the risk of developing diabetes sores and infections. Trim your nails regularly and be careful not to cut them too short. If you go to a salon for foot care, make sure the salon staff understands the care of diabetics’ feet.
If necessary, bring your own foot care tools to prevent infection from tools that have been shared in public places.
Diabetes injury can be dangerous, threatening your feet, even your life if you have a severe infection. Therefore, love your feet, love yourself.
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