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All You Need To Know About Family Planning

Family planning is more than birth control. It allows women to create a family structure that fits their financial, cultural, and personal goals. Availability of family planning also allows partners to plan the family size, birth spacing, and contributes to good health outcomes for infants, mothers, children, and families. To find a birth control method that is right for you, visit the McAllen gynecology specialists at Women’s Clinic of the Rio Grande Valley.

Why is family planning essential?

Family planning supports people’s decisions on when or if they would love to have children by providing counseling, education, and birth control methods. Planned births spaced two years apart results in a healthier baby and fewer medical problems for women. Planning for a child helps you avoid financial, social, and health problems faced in an unplanned pregnancy.

Birth Control Methods Used in Family Planning

Permanent birth control

This is a surgical procedure that makes a person producing sperms unable to cause pregnancy or a woman unable to get pregnant. Permanent birth control cannot be undone, and it is 99% effective. Men can choose vasectomy, while women can choose tubal ligation done in the hospital.

Intrauterine device

It is a small T-shaped device inserted in a woman’s cervix by a doctor to prevent pregnancy. It is 99% effective. It is available in hormonal and non-hormonal options; the IUD is among the most effective birth control methods that can last up to 10 years, depending on the type you choose. Hormonal and non-hormonal IUDs prevent the sperm from fertilizing the egg.

Implant

An implant is a small rod placed beneath the skin in the upper arm by a doctor. This method is 99% effective. The implant lasts for 3 years by releasing progesterone hormone to prevent the ovaries from releasing eggs and thickening cervical mucus. This makes it difficult for sperm to enter the uterus.

The shot

It is an injection given by a medical professional on the arm, and it contains progesterone hormone. It can also be administered on the hip and lasts for three months. It is also 99% effective. It is also known as Depo-Provera. It stops the ovaries from producing an egg and thickens cervical mucus.

The pill

A pill should be taken daily at the same time for maximum effectiveness. It is used to reduce bleeding and cramping during periods. This pill releases both progestin and estrogen hormones to stop the ovaries from releasing eggs.

Condoms

Condoms prevent pregnancy 98% of the time. They are placed on an erect penis to prevent the sperms from penetrating the vagina during ejaculation. There are also female condoms inserted in the vagina and prevents pregnancy 95% of the time. Condoms help in preventing STDs.

Emergency contraception

It can be used up to three days after unprotected sex. It can be in the form of a pill or copper IUD, which differ in degree of effectiveness. The contraceptives prevent pregnancy from occurring and also thickens cervical mucus.

If you are not planning on having a child soon, you can use the birth control methods above for family planning. Women’s Clinic of the Rio Grande Valley provides these and other birth control options, but you should let them help you choose which is suitable for you to avoid side effects. For more information, please contact them via telephone or book an appointment online today.